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Information of native plant Nitraria Sibirica Pall of Gobi

Family name: Nitrariaceae- Nitraria family

Type name: Nitraria

Species name: Nitraria Sibirica Pall


Identification properties:  Saline resistant, mesophytic shrub. Height & stature: Almost prostrate 50-80 cm tall. Stems & leaves: Light-colored bark, stems 1 m or longer, light-gray branching with thorns; leaves spear-shaped, 1-2.5 cm long and up to 8 mm wide. Inflorescence: Small white flowers join together to form a dense spikelet. Seeds: Seeds brownish-red, ovate, or spherical. 0.5-0.7 mm in diameter; seed pods 4-5 mm long.spherical. 0.5-0.7 mm in diameter; seed pods 4-5 mm long.


Nitraria Sibirica is stopped sand movement and creating habitat reptiles, rabbit and insects. White Goyo /Cynomorium songaricum Rupr/, wild onion /Allium polyrrhizum/ grow on its root.  This plant is very important for combat desertification and degradation in the Gobi.


Distribution: 30 % of territory of Umnugobi aimag, anywhere Mongolian Gobi. Umnugobi aimag is 165 000 km2 square.

Growth environment: Frequently forms hummocks in desert and desert steppe with marshy and sandy hollows

Traditional usage: Fruits used for human food, making wine, and drinks.

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